Fully Three Dimensional Breather Solitons Can Be Created Using Feshbach Resonances
M. Matuszewski, E. Infeld, B.~A. Malomed, and M. Trippenbach,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 050403-4 (2005).
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Abstract: We investigate the stability properties of breather solitons in a three-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate with Feshbach resonance management of the scattering length and confined only by a onedimensional optical lattice. We compare regions of stability in parameter space obtained from a fully 3D analysis with those from a quasi-two-dimensional treatment. For moderate confinement we discover a new island of stability in the 3D case, not present in the quasi-2D treatment. Stable solutions from this region have nontrivial dynamics in the lattice direction; hence, they describe fully 3D breather solitons. We demonstrate these solutions in direct numerical simulations and outline a possible way of creating robust 3D solitons in experiments in a Bose-Einstein condensate in a one-dimensional lattice. We point out other possible applications.
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